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Wing Loadings = Lbs / SqFt Canopy

Class 1 - Student Canopy 0.5 to 0.75 Lbs/SqFt
Class 2 - Docile .75 to 1.00 Lbs/SqFt
Class 3 - Mid Range 1.0 to1.25lbs/SqFt
Class 4 - High performance 1.25 to 1.65 Lbs/SqFt
Class 5 - Extreme 1.65 to 2.00 Lbs/SqFt
Class 6 - BALLISTIC 2.0 to 2.4 Lbs/SqFt
Kg to Lbs Converter

Weight Converter

Type a value in the Kg field to convert the value to Lbs:

The Basic Wing Loading Formula

At its most basic, the concept of wing loading comes down to a very simple formula, in which one calculates the ratio of jumper exit weight to canopy size. Here?s the formula:

W ? C?= wing loading, where ?W? is exit weight in lbs and ?C? is the canopy?s surface area in square feet

For example, if you have a total exit weight of 190 lbs and fly a 190-square-foot canopy, your calculated wing loading would be:
190 ? 190 = 1, or 1 lbs per square foot, for a wing loading that would be generally referred to as ?1 to 1?
If your exit weight remains the same but you downsize to a 170-square-foot canopy, the formula looks like this:
190 ? 170 = 1.1176470588235294, or 1.1 lbs per square foot
If you made the (extremely poor) decision to snap-downsize to a 120-square-foot canopy, the math looks like this:
190 ? 120 =?1.58333333333333, or 1.6 lbs per square foot
A bigger number means?more: more?down, more?fast.

The new Crossfire 3 continues the era of the legendary Crossfire 2 that began in 2001. But she isn’t simply a remake – she’s a completely new canopy designed from the ground up.

The Crossfire 3 was designed with you, the pilot, in mind. From the plain-to-see to the supposedly inconsequential, every detail makes for an effortless and enjoyable flight. Shape, planform, lines: in every component we have invested years of experience, thousands of ideas and countless hours of development.

The result? A completely 3D designed canopy with smooth curves and even smoother openings and landings.

The Crossfire 3 benefits from the most up to date CAD design tools and CFD technology available, and all the important lessons we learned designing Petra, Leia and the Safire 3. She’s the most modern 9-cell sports parachute in our range. The new shaping gives her a massively improved performance range…and she looks prettier than ever.

What can you expect when you fly your brand new Crossfire 3 for the first time? The unique blend of awesome openings, hassle-free flight and unrestricted everyday practicality that the Crossfire is known for, mixed with the cutting edge design and performance that is typical of NZ Aerosports high performance wings. And the inevitable desire to do it all again after every landing.

Who is the Crossfire 3 for?
The most important thing to note with the Crossfire 3 is that she is a fully elliptical, very efficiently designed high performance canopy. She is not suitable as a first canopy for students off AFF. She must be treated with respect and caution at all times, but particularly in the adjustment period with the new wing. Her dive is more aggressive and her recovery arc longer than the Crossfire 2. The sight picture for your turn, landing and flare will be different than the wings you have flown before.

At light wingloadings of 1.0 to 1.4, the Crossfire 3 is suitable as a first or second fully elliptical 9-cell for confident intermediate jumpers stepping it up a notch or three from their Safire 2, 3 or equivalent. We recommend a minimum of 500 jumps on a square or semi-elliptical canopy before moving to a Crossfire 3 of an appropriate wingloading for these jumpers.

At higher wingloadings of 1.5 and above, the Crossfire 3 is an all new machine for those jumpers already accustomed to flying smaller/higher loaded Crossfire 2’s or other elliptical 9-cells. She’s a step up in performance. She whips around, dives hard, recovers slow, and eats up the ground in a swoop. She is perfect for advanced pilots who want a fun hassle-free canopy without going crossbraced, and a favorite among team flyers and camera-flyers.

The Crossfire 2 hit the sweet spot for openings. The fully formed nose gave her a cleaner leading edge and consistently soft openings without the fear of spinning up. We figured if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it. So you can expect those same smooth delicious openings on your Crossfire 3.

Inputs are how any canopy is defined…how does it feel? Everything about the Crossfire 3 is focused on effortless fun flight time. From the second you pop those brakes everything becomes sublime, responsive and predictable.

Toggles give you all the feedback you need to feel connected with this wing. More aggressive inputs will cause drastic altitude loss, but if you feel inclined to sit in deep brakes taking in that last jump and reflecting on how damn awesome it was, she is happy to oblige.

Stall Point
Her stall point is predictable – you will recognise when she is telling you it’s time to let up. Rears are predictable too. She’ll give you plenty of warning before the nasty stuff happens and you’ll know quite quickly how far you can milk them before switching to toggles.

The extra glide helped by her constant cell aspect ratio means you can hang off your rears for a worry-free ride back to the dropzone after a long spot. Or use them to give you that exhilarating swoop to end your skydive.

Wanna change up a gear? Swooping is your jam? No problem – she’s just as happy floating back to the drop zone on brakes as she is being pushed as far and as fast as you can. The fronts feel lighter but not vague. You can judge precisely and predictably how much or little you need them.

Enjoy the ultimate fun flying experience without the drag (pun sadly intended) of a less responsive wing. The highly elliptical Crossfire 3 has snappy turns and incredible performance.

The Dive
Probably the biggest question we have been asked. Yes, she does dive more! We made this a priority. Drooped wingtips minimize wingtip drag to maximize efficiency and power. The dive is also predictable and controllable, giving you the confidence to find consistency in your landing. Feel confident whipping through your turn knowing that you can harness a huge amount of power for your landing.

Whether doing a 90 or banging out a massive rotation, the recovery arc is something we know you will love. An advanced trim makes the Crossfire 3’s recovery arc longer than the Crossfire 2 and introduces you to a new sight picture.

It’s extremely important to bear this in mind that if you are transitioning from a Safire 2 or 3, or a Crossfire 2. The recovery arc is significantly longer, so if you turn it at the same height as you are used to, you will come out low. It will take a bit of time to retrain your brain to the new sight picture, so stay alert, treat the wing with respect and take it slow while you adjust to it.

She will give you huge confidence on landing with a powerful predictable flare Enjoy your swoop without worrying about hard landings; the nose reinforcing reduces distortion during the flare to give you that much needed extra lift at the bottom end.


We are now using Catia V5 to design canopies. This is one of the most advanced 3D CAD softwares available. It gives us more freedom to design the canopy down to the finest details and helps generate the most accurate panels possible. The result is a more accurate shaping, a smoother surface, and better aerodynamic efficiency.


The Crossfire 3 shape has been tested using CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics), which gives us, among other things, a better understanding of her behavior in turbulence and during recovery.


For the first time in the industry, the panels on the Crossfire 3 have been designed directly in the shape they will have during flight by taking into account the Zig-Zag distortion. This spreads the load evenly through the fabric and makes the wing more structurally efficient.


The Crossfire 3 has benefited from research on rib shaping that was originally used to design our new range of hyper-performance wings, Petra and Leia.


Crossports have been strategically placed in the Crossfire 3 to have the least influence on the upper surface shape. They have also been designed with an elliptical shape that optimizes their area while reducing the upper surface distortion.


The aspect ratio and taper have not been changed dramatically from the Crossfire 2 because it was important to us that the Crossfire 3 remains in the same class of wings, suitable for intermediate to advanced pilots. However, the planform has been optimized to follow an ellipse as accurately as possible in order to reduce induced drag.


We’ve added the split leading edge Powerband to all our new canopies since we pioneered it with Petra. It allows us to better control the aerodynamic shape in the nose area, which prevents parasitic drag.


While most ribs are perpendicular to the lower surface, the end rib is rotated inward to reduce the size of the end cell and prevent it from losing its shape. This reduces tip vortices and induced drag.


One of the most noticeable changes is the Crossfire 3’s new line set which, thanks to a slightly steeper trim designed completely in 3D, will make the recovery arc longer. Our aim is to have the recovery arc getting progressively longer as pilots make their way up our range, to aid in learning the translation of more vertical speed into a fast, fun and most importantly, safe landing.


The shape of the stabilizer has been modernized to prevent it from flapping too much in flight. It also helps the slider to sit in the right position.


The power moustaches are the distinct moustache shaped miniature panels on the lower Powerband. Without them, we couldn’t get the exact shaping we want on the nose, because it wouldn’t be possible to flatten the lower panels. So with the moustaches we are able to design the canopy in the actual shape it’s gonna fly in. This means less wrinkles, less tension in the fabric and a more efficient wing.


Parachutes aren’t a one size fits all. The Crossfire 3 is available in any size you choose so that you can get the perfect wingloading for you at this stage in your canopy progression.

Cell Count

9 cell
Fabric Type ZP
Line Types

500 Vectran

750 Vectran

Link Types Soft Links

Canopy Performance Level

Canopy Shape Elliptical
Slider Grommets Stainless
Slider Types Collapsible
Canopy Type Main

Informazioni aggiuntive

Peso 3 kg